Guge A Lost kingdom in Tibet
Guge is known as a Lost kingdom in Tibet. The ruins of the Kingdom are located in the western part of Tibet. It is approximately 1500km from Lhasa elevation is about 3750m above the sea level. And, the Lost Kingdom is under the jurisdiction of Ngari prefecture, bordering India to its south.
The roof of the World
About Guge, it is said to be the highest of the ancient kingdom. Which is located on the ridge of the Roof of the World, as Tibet is called. Marching westwards to Guge from Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, is a long and hard journey. Moreover, it crosses a vast uninhabited barren land. The powerful Guge kingdom ruled it for over 700 years from the 9th to 17th century. Altogether 16 kings ruled it. Yet, historical records reveal little about the kingdom rise and sudden demise. It was instead from some letters by western missionaries that people got to know more about the lost empire.
Records show that it once made great religious and economic achievements. However, the mighty kingdom was involved in a fatal war in the 17th century. As a result, its glory was reduced to pieces. The invasion of the neighboring state of Ladakh, coupled with the domestic rebellion of Guge monks. So, all of these brought the kingdom to its knees.
The ruins: the only visible legacy of the kingdom
The only visible legacy of the kingdom has left behind is the ruins. The ruins extend from the mid-ridge of a hill 300 meters high at its peak. Furthermore, it covers an area of 720,000 square meters. It is the second largest ruin in Tibet. Archaeologists have unearthed 445 earthen and wooden structures, 879 caves, 58 blockhouses (a kind of fortification building), four secret tunnels, 28 stupas (traditional pagoda-shaped Buddhist monuments), granaries and weaponry storehouses.
It was economically advanced and famous for its industrial achievements. Such achievements were panning for gold, smelting, pottery-making, weaving, carpentry, carving, and printing. Geographically connecting India and the hinterland of Tibet, Guge played a significant role in spreading Buddhist doctrines. The ruling class was fervently Buddhist. In addition, they did a lot to promote their expansion. They invited Buddhist masters from India to spread Buddhism. A mural in one of the surviving structures vividly depicts a Guge king warmly welcoming a visiting Buddhist master from India. They also sent Buddhists to India to learn more about the religion. Furthermore, they had Buddhist scripture translated into the Tibetan language.
Tibet Universal Tours and Travel is a fully officially licensed international tour operator based in Lhasa, owned and managed by 100% local Tibetans. One of the most respected, longest running and best-reviewed tour operators since 1997.
Over 20 years of experience in the Tibetan travel industry, our team consists of the best and experienced Tibet travel guides that will show you the best that this extraordinary place has to offer, unravel all the undiscovered beauty of Tibet unique culture and tradition in front of you. Whether a guest is looking to join a Tibet group tour or take a private tailor-made journey, we are the best choice.
Other than the above services, we provide stop over tour services in Nepal, Bhutan, and cities in Mainland China, you can also be booking your Tibet Flight and Tibet Train tickets with us. So, what are you waiting for? Reach us to embark on a trip that will last for a lifetime with Tibet Universal Tours and Travel!!!